A biotinylated organophosphate could be useful for identifying proteins that react with organophosphorus toxicants (OP). FP-biotin, 10- (fluoroethoxyphosphinyl)-N-(biotinamidopentyl)decanamide, was synthesized and found to be stable in methanol and chloroform but less stable in water. Because acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC 220.127.116.11) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE, EC 18.104.22.168) are known to be sensitive targets of OP, their reactivity with FP-biotin was tested. The rate constant for reaction with human AChE was 1.8 × 107 M-1 min-1, and for human BChE, it was 1.6 × 108 M-1 min-1. A phosphorus stereoisomer, constituting about 50% of the FP-biotin preparation, appeared to be the reactive species. The binding affinity was estimated to be >85 nM for AChE and >5.8 nM for BChE. It was concluded that FP-biotin is a potent OP, well-suited for searching for new biomarkers of OP exposure.
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