Recent advances in understanding of fungal and oomycete effectors

Richard A. Wilson, John M. McDowell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Fungal and oomycete pathogens secrete complex arrays of proteins and small RNAs to interface with plant-host targets and manipulate plant regulatory networks to the microbes’ advantage. Research on these important virulence factors has been accelerated by improved genome sequences, refined bioinformatic prediction tools, and exploitation of efficient platforms for understanding effector gene expression and function. Recent studies have validated the expectation that oomycetes and fungi target many of the same sectors in immune signaling networks, but the specific host plant targets and modes of action are diverse. Effector research has also contributed to deeper understanding of the mechanisms of effector-triggered immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102228
JournalCurrent Opinion in Plant Biology
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • Autophagy
  • Ethylene
  • Microbiome
  • Proteasome
  • Reactive oxygen intermediates
  • Virulence
  • sRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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