Recent Advances Toward Transparent Methane Emissions Monitoring: A Review

Broghan M. Erland, Andrew K. Thorpe, John A. Gamon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given that anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions must be immediately reduced to avoid drastic increases in global temperature, methane emissions have been placed center stage in the fight against climate change. Methane has a significantly larger warming potential than carbon dioxide. A large percentage of methane emissions are in the form of industry emissions, some of which can now be readily identified and mitigated. This review considers recent advances in methane detection that allow accurate and transparent monitoring, which are needed for reducing uncertainty in source attribution and evaluating progress in emissions reductions. A particular focus is on complementary methods operating at different scales with applications for the oil and gas industry, allowing rapid detection of large point sources and addressing inconsistencies of emissions inventories. Emerging airborne and satellite imaging spectrometers are advancing our understanding and offer new top-down assessment methods to complement bottom-up methods. Successfully merging estimates across scales is vital for increased certainty regarding greenhouse gas emissions and can inform regulatory decisions. The development of comprehensive, transparent, and spatially resolved top-down and bottom-up inventories will be crucial for holding nations accountable for their climate commitments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16567-16581
Number of pages15
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume56
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bottom-up
  • methane emissions
  • monitoring technology
  • remote sensing
  • spectroscopy
  • top-down

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry

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