Introduction This study uses a recent source of nationally representative data from in-person surveys to examine national estimates of e-cigarette use among adults and their relationship with demographic, socioeconomic, and health behavior measures. Methods Data were provided by the National Health Interview Survey, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A total of 34,356 respondents aged ≥18 years were examined for 2014, the most recent and only year in which the National Health Interview Survey included questions on e-cigarette use. E-cigarette information included ever and current use. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed, adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, marital status, poverty, and smoking status. Analyses were conducted in 2016. Results Compared with those who had never tried e-cigarettes, e-cigarette users were more likely to be younger, male, non-Hispanic white, non-married, poorer, and current smokers. Multivariable logistic regression suggested that respondents with high school or some college education had significantly higher adjusted odds of ever using e-cigarettes relative to those with less than high school education. However, the adjusted odds were not significantly different for college or graduate school education. Conclusions The results suggest that, unlike tobacco use, ever using e-cigarettes is positively related to income. Interestingly, e-cigarette use exhibits a non-linear relationship with education. Reasons for the relationship of e-cigarettes with education are unclear and warrant further research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health