Recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor after autologous bone marrow transplantation for lymphoid cancer

John Nemunaitis, Susan N. Rabinowe, Jack W. Singer, Philip J. Bierman, Julie M. Vose, Arnold S. Freedman, Nicole Onetto, Steven Gillis, Dagmar Oette, Morris Gold, C. Dean Buckner, John A. Hansen, Jerome Ritz, Frederick R. Appelbaum, James O. Armitage, Lee M. Nadler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

455 Scopus citations


Background. The period of neutropenia after autologous bone marrow transplantation results in substantial morbidity and mortality. The results of previous phase I-II clinical trials suggest that recombinant human granulocytemacrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) may accelerate neutrophil recovery and thereby reduce complications in patients after autologous bone marrow transplantation. Methods. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial at three institutions. The study design and treatment schedules were identical, and the results were pooled for analysis. One hundred twenty-eight patients were enrolled. Sixty-five patients received rhGM-CSF in a two-hour intravenous infusion daily for 21 days, starting within four hours of the marrow infusion, and 63 patients received placebo. Results. No toxic effects specifically ascribed to rhGM-CSF were observed. The patients given rhGM-CSF had a recovery of the neutrophil count to 500×106 per liter 7 days earlier than the patients who received placebo (19 vs. 26 days, P<0.001), had fewer infections, required 3 fewer days of antibiotic administration (24 vs. 27 days, P = 0.009), and required 6 fewer days of initial hospitalization (median, 27 vs. 33 days; P = 0.01). There was no difference in the survival rate at day 100. Conclusions. In patients undergoing autologous bone marrow transplantation for lymphoid neoplasia, rhGM-CSF significantly lessens morbidity. Further studies will be required to establish its optimal dosage and schedule of administration. (N Engl J Med 1991; 324:1773–8.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1773-1778
Number of pages6
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Issue number25
StatePublished - Jun 20 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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