Reconsidering the Relation Between Parental Functioning and Child Externalizing Behaviors: A Meta-Analysis on Child-Driven Effects

Ni Yan, Arya Ansari, Peng Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Guided by multiple theories illustrating the transactional nature of the relation between parents’ andchildren’s behaviors, the present meta-analysis provides synthesized evidence on the strength of child-driven effects in eliciting changes in parents’ psychological stress and parenting practices. A meta-analysis of 45 independent samples with 640 effect sizes found significant positive associations betweenchildren’s externalizing behaviors and parents’ subsequent functioning (r =.087, 95% CI [.07,.10]).These associations were net of parents’ functioning at baseline, and the strength of these associations wasstatistically comparable with the effects of parents on children’s externalizing behaviors (r =.075, 95%CI [.06,.09]). In addition, the strength of the child-driven effects did not vary as a function of childgender, age, or the time interval between assessments. The implications of these findings with respect toresearch on the dynamic relation between parenting functioning and children’s adjustment are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-235
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • child-driven effects
  • externalizing behaviors
  • meta-analysis
  • parenting practices
  • psychological stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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