Recovery rate of cells of the seven regulated serogroups of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli from raw veal cutlets, ground veal, and ground beef from retail stores in the mid-atlantic region of the United States

Yangjin Jung, Anna C.S. Porto-Fett, Salina Parveen, Joan Meredith, Bradley A. Shoyer, Elizabeth Henry, Zachary Trauger, Laura E. Shane, Manuela Osoria, Jurgen Schwarz, Christopher Rupert, Benjamin Chapman, Rodney A. Moxley, John B. Luchansky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A total of 482 veal cutlet, 555 ground veal, and 540 ground beef samples were purchased from retail establishments in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States over a noncontiguous 2-year period between 2014 and 2017. Samples (325 g each) were individually enriched and screened via real-time PCR for all seven regulated serogroups of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). Presumptive STEC-positive samples were subjected to serogroup-specific immunomagnetic separation and plated onto selective media. Up to five isolates typical for STEC from each sample were analyzed via multiplex PCR for both the virulence genes (i.e., eae, stx1 and/or stx2, and ehxA) and serogroup-specific gene(s) for the seven regulated STEC serogroups. The recovery rates of non-O157 STEC from veal cutlets (3.94%, 19 of 482 samples) and ground veal (7.03%, 39 of 555 samples) were significantly higher (P, 0.05) than that from ground beef (0.93%, 5 of 540 samples). In contrast, only a single isolate of STEC O157:H7 was recovered; this isolate originated from 1 (0.18%) of 555 samples of ground veal. Recovery rates for STEC were not associated with state, season, packaging type, or store type (P. 0.05) but were associated with brand and fat content (P, 0.05). Pulsed-field subtyping of the 270 viable and confirmed STEC isolates from the 64 total samples testing positive revealed 78 pulsotypes (50 to 80% similarity) belonging to 39 pulsogroups, with ≥90% similarity among pulsotypes within pulsogroups. Multiple isolates from 43 (67.7%) of 64 samples testing positive had an indistinguishable pulsotype. STEC serotypes O26 and O103 were the most prevalent serogroups in beef and veal, respectively. These findings support related findings from regulatory sampling studies over the past decade and confirm that recovery rates for the regulated STEC serogroups are higher for raw veal than for raw beef samples, as was observed in the present study of meat purchased at food retailers in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-232
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of food protection
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Ground beef
  • Ground veal
  • Non-O157 STEC
  • O157:H7
  • Recovery rate
  • Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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