Reduced intensity conditioning for acute myeloid leukemia using melphalan-vs busulfan-based regimens: A CIBMTR report

Zheng Zhou, Rajneesh Nath, Jan Cerny, Hai Lin Wang, Mei Jie Zhang, Hisham Abdel-Azim, Vaibhav Agrawal, Gulrayz Ahmed, A. Samer Al-Homsi, Mahmoud Aljurf, Hassan B. Alkhateeb, Amer Assal, Ulrike Bacher, Ashish Bajel, Qaiser Bashir, Minocher Battiwalla, Vijaya Raj Bhatt, Michael Byrne, Jean Yves Cahn, Mitchell CairoHannah Choe, Edward Copelan, Corey Cutler, Moussab B. Damlaj, Zachariah Defilipp, Marcos De Lima, Miguel Angel Diaz, Nosha Farhadfar, James Foran, C. Esar O. Freytes, Aaron T. Gerds, Usama Gergis, Michael R. Grunwald, Zartash Gul, Mehdi Hamadani, Shahrukh Hashmi, Mark Hertzberg, Gerhard C. Hildebrandt, Nasheed Hossain, Yoshihiro Inamoto, Luis Isola, Tania Jain, Rammurti T. Kamble, Muhammad Waqas Khan, Mohamed A. Kharfan-Dabaja, Partow Kebriaei, Natasha Kekre, Nandita Khera, Hillard M. Lazarus, Jane L. Liesveld, Mark Litzow, Hongtao Liu, David I. Marks, Rodrigo Martino, Vikram Mathews, Asmita Mishra, Hemant S. Murthy, Arnon Nagler, Ryotaro Nakamura, Sunita Nathan, Taiga Nishihori, Rebecca Olin, Richard F. Olsson, Neil Palmisiano, Sagar S. Patel, Mrinal M. Patnaik, Attaphol Pawarode, Miguel Angel Perales, Ioannis Politikos, Uday Popat, David Rizzieri, Brenda M. Sandmaier, Bipin N. Savani, Sachiko Seo, Nirav N. Shah, Geoffrey L. Uy, David Valc A. Arcel, Leo F. Verdonck, Edmund K. Waller, Youjin Wang, Daniel Weisdorf, Baldeep Wirk, Eric Wong, Jean A. Yared, Wael Saber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


There is a lack of large comparative study on the outcomes of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transplantation using fludarabine/busulfan (FB) and fludarabine/melphalan (FM) regimens. Adult AML patients from Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research who received first RIC allo-transplant between 2001 and 2015 were studied. Patients were excluded if they received cord blood or identical twin transplant, total body irradiation in conditioning, or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis with in vitro T-cell depletion. Primary outcome was overall survival (OS), secondary end points were leukemia-free survival (LFS), nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, and GVHD. Multivariate survival model was used with adjustment for patient, leukemia, and transplant-related factors. A total of 622 patients received FM and 791 received FB RIC. Compared with FB, the FM group had fewer transplant in complete remission (CR), fewer matched sibling donors, and less usage of anti-thymocyte globulin or alemtuzumab. More patients in the FM group received marrow grafts and had transplantation before 2005. OS was significantly lower within the first 3 months posttransplant in the FM group (hazard ratio [HR] 5 1.82, P , .001), but was marginally superior beyond 3 months (HR 5 0.87, P 5 .05). LFS was better with FM compared with FB (HR 5 0.89, P 5 .05). NRM was significantly increased in the FM group during the first 3 months of posttransplant (HR 5 3.85, P , .001). Long-term relapse was lower with FM (HR 5 0.65, P , .001). Analysis restricted to patients with CR showed comparable results. In conclusion, compared with FB, the FM RIC showed a marginally superior long-term OS and LFS and a lower relapse rate. A lower OS early posttransplant within 3 months was largely the result of a higher early NRM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3180-3190
Number of pages11
JournalBlood Advances
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 14 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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