Although intravenous perfluoropropane-exposed sonicated dextrose albumin (C3SDA) produces myocardial contrast, the posterior myocardium cannot be visualized with epicardial or transthoracic imaging because of excessive left ventricular cavitary contrast. We hypothesized that higher molecular weight, less diffusible gases such as perfluoropentane-exposed sonicated dextrose albumin (C5SDA) would produce equivalent anterior myocardial contrast at lower intravenous doses with less cavitary attenuation. To test this hypothesis, we compared the anterior and posterior peak myocardial videointensity after 0.06 ml/kg intravenous injections of C3SDA and 0.015 to 0.030 ml/kg intravenous injections of C5SDA in seven open-chest dogs. The ability of C5SDA to detect posterior myocardial perfusion abnormalities was also tested. Despite the lower dose, intravenous C5SDA produced equivalent anterior myocardial contrast but significantly higher posterior myocardial contrast (2.6 +/- 1.9 units peak myocardial videointensity C5SDA versus 0.6 +/- 0.9 units C3SDA; p < 0.0001) because of less acoustic shadowing. The visual detection of posterior ischemia with intravenous C5SDA was also significantly improved. We conclude that increasing the molecular weight of the perfluorocarbon gas in sonicated dextrose albumin will significantly improve the detection of posterior perfusion abnormalities.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine