Reductions in Self-injury Produced by Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

Wayne W. Fisher, Lynn G. Bowman, Rachel H. Thompson, Stephanie A. Contrucci, Larry Burd, Gad Alon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is used to reduce pain but also may be useful for self-injurious behavior (SIB). In the current investigation, a microcurrent electromedical device, classified as a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator (TENS), was applied with a man with Down syndrome who displayed SIB that persisted in the absence of social contingencies. Although clinically significant results were not maintained, a clear difference in the rates of SIB during active and inactive TENS was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-496
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Automatic reinforcement
  • Self-injurious behavior
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Applied Psychology


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