Here, we report the molecular regulation of interleukin (IL)-8 expression in human melanoma cells. The inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) up-regulated IL-8 expression, in a time and concentration-dependent manner, in three metastatic melanoma variants, SBC-2 (nonmetastatic), A375P (low metastatic), and A375SM (high metastatic), by increased transcription of the IL-8 gene, leading to increased levels of IL- 8 mRNA and protein production. Furthermore, we report that IFN-α and IFN-β did not inhibit steady-state IL-8 production. However, IFN-α and IFN-β inhibited IL-1β or TNF-α-mediated upregulation of IL-8 mRNA. In addition, IFN-β demonstrated a more potent inhibitory effect at a lower concentration than did IFN-α. Both pretreatment and simultaneous treatment of melanoma cells with IFN-α or IFN-β inhibited the IL-1β and TNF-α up-regulation of IL-8 mRNA levels. This inhibition was at the transcriptional levels and was unaffected by a protein synthesis inhibitor, suggesting that this did not require de novo protein synthesis. Further, modulation of IL-8 levels by IL- 1β, alone or in combination with IFN-β, affected the proliferation of melanoma cells. In summary, our data suggest that the up-regulation of IL-8 expression in melanoma cells is regulated at the transcriptional level and is rapidly and specifically inhibited by IFN-α or IFN-β, independent of de novo protein synthesis, perhaps due to a transient modification of a preexisting factor(s).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research