Relationships among changes in physical activity, quality of life, and obesity-Status following a behavioral intervention for rural Appalachian adults

Kathleen J. Porter, Wen You, Paul A. Estabrooks, Jamie M. Zoellner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Improved health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is one benefit of physical activity. Yet, there is limited intervention research exploring (1) whether changes in physical activity influence changes in HRQoL among community-based populations and (2) if baseline obesity status influences the relationships. This exploratory analysis used secondary data from rural Appalachian adults who completed the MoveMore arm of a larger randomized control trial (n = 105, Mage = 41.8, 82 % female, 96 % White, Mincome= $25,911). Specifically, this study examined associations among changes in physical activity and HRQOL and whether baseline obesity status moderated changes. Three HRQoL variables (self-rated health status, total unhealthy days, days poor health impacted activities) and two physical activity variables [weekly moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) minutes, weekly strength training minutes] were collected at baseline and 6-months. Regression models, adjusted for age, gender, race, income, education, assessed associations between physical activity and HRQoL change variables. Moderation analyses explored the influence of baseline obesity status on these relationships. Participants reported significant improvements in self-rated health status (P = 0.001), weekly MVPA minutes (P = 0.008), and weekly strength training minutes (P < 0.001). Increasing weekly strength training minutes was associated with fewer days poor health impacted activities (B = -0.040, P = 0.013). Weekly minutes of MVPA was not associated with HRQoL variables. Baseline obesity status did not moderate relationships. Findings suggest increasing weekly strength training may reduce days poor health impacted activities and that relationships among changes in physical activity and HRQoL were not impacted by baseline obesity. Findings have implications for promoting strength activities in community-based physical activity interventions for rural populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101949
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Leisure activities
  • Moderation
  • Self-rated health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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