Relationships among self-schema, intention, and exercise behavior

Paul Estabrooks, Kerry S. Courneya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine if exercise self-schema predicts exercise participation and moderates the exercise intention - behavior relationship. Participants were undergraduate students categorized into exerciser schematics (n = 527), nonexerciser schematics (n = 52), and aschematics (n = 106). The first of two questionnaires, given 4 weeks apart, included intention items for moderate and strenuous exercise, and exercise at university facilities. The second questionnaire included self-reported exercise items. Attendance at the university fitness facilities was monitored during the 4-week period between questionnaires. Kruskal-Wallis tests determined exerciser schematics reported intending to and exercising more often than aschematics and nonexerciser schematics for all measures (p<.01). Fischer z transformations revealed partial support for the hypothesis that exerciser schematics would have a higher correlation between intention and exercise than aschematics or nonexerciser schematics. Discussion focused on overcoming schematic assessment problems, offered explanation of results, and proposed future exercise self-schema research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-168
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Cognitive structure
  • Exercise participation
  • Self-image

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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