Relationships between speech perception abilities and spoken language skills in young children with hearing loss

Jean L. Desjardin, Sophie E. Ambrose, Amy S. Martinez, Laurie S. Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The goal of this study was to examine the relationships between scores obtained from measures of speech perception and language in a group of young children with hearing loss (HL). Eighteen children (mean age = 4.3 years) and their mothers participated in this study. Speech perception was measured using the online imitative test of speech pattern contrast perception (OLIMSPAC). Standardized language age equivalent scores were obtained using the Reynell developmental language scales-III. Number of word tokens, word types, and mean length of utterance (MLU) were extracted from the children's spontaneous language samples. Significant positive relationships were observed between children's OLIMSPAC scores and both standardized language scores (r ranging from 0.60 to 0.69; p <0.01) and all measures derived from children's spontaneous language samples (r ranging from 0.80 to 0.86; p<0.01). After controlling for child age, OLIMSPAC scores explained 34.1% of the variance in children's MLU. Using a new speech perception measure with reduced language demands, strong positive correlations were evident between speech perception and language skills for a young group of children with HL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-259
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Hearing loss
  • Speech perception
  • Spoken language
  • Spontaneous language samples

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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