Reliability and Validity Issues in Phenomenological Research

Cheryl Tatano Beck, Barbara A. Keddy, Marlene Zichi Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reliability and validity are two areas where the criteria of logical empiricism appear to be imposed upon phenomenology as a research method. Cross-paradigmatic communication can result in difficulties because the same words may have different meanings. It cannot be assumed that reliability and validity have the same meaning in logical empiricism and phenomenology. Even among the three mostfrequently used phenomenological methods in nursing research, lack of consensus exists regarding the issues of reliability and validity. In order to help clarify reliability and validityfrom the phenomenological perspective, Colaizzi, Giorgi, and Van Kaam 's methodologies are compared and contrasted regarding their stance on these issues. Lincoln and Guba 'four major criteriafor rigor in qualitative inquiry, truth value, applicability, consistency, and neutrality may offer phenomenologists an appropriate alternative to logical positivists' terminology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-267
Number of pages14
JournalWestern journal of nursing research
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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