Remote sensing of tundra gross ecosystem productivity and light use efficiency under varying temperature and moisture conditions

K. F. Huemmrich, J. A. Gamon, C. E. Tweedie, S. F. Oberbauer, G. Kinoshita, S. Houston, A. Kuchy, R. D. Hollister, H. Kwon, M. Mano, Y. Harazono, P. J. Webber, W. C. Oechel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Satellite observations have shown greening trends in tundra in response to climate change, suggesting increases in productivity. To better understand the ability of remote sensing to detect climate impacts on tundra vegetation productivity, we applied a photosynthetic light use efficiency model to simulated climate change treatments of tundra vegetation. We examined changes in the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and photosynthetic light use efficiency (ε) in experimental warming and moisture treatments designed to simulate climate change in northern Alaska. Plots were warmed either passively, using Open Top Chambers, or actively using electric heaters in the soil. In one set of plots water table depth was actively altered, while other plots were established in locations that were naturally wet or dry. Over two growing seasons, plot-level carbon flux and spectral reflectance measurements were collected, and the results were used to derive a light use efficiency model that could explore the effects of moisture and temperature treatments using remote sensing. Warming increased values of canopy greenness (NDVI) relative to control plots, this effect being more pronounced in wet plots than in dry plots. Light use efficiency (LUE), the relationship between absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and gross ecosystem production (GEP), was consistent across warming treatments, growing season, subsequent years, and sites. However, LUE was affected by vegetation type, which varied with moisture; plots in naturally dry locations showed reduced light use efficiency relative to moist plots. Additionally moss exhibited reduced LUE relative to vascular plants. Understory moss production, not accounted for by the usual definition of the fraction of absorbed PAR (fAPAR), was found to be a significant part of total GEP, particularly in areas with low vascular plant cover. These results support the use of light use efficiency models driven by spectral reflectance for estimating GEP in tundra vegetation, provided effects of vegetation functional type (e.g. mosses versus vascular plants) and microtopography are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-489
Number of pages9
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Volume114
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arctic tundra
  • CO flux
  • Fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation
  • Gross ecosystem exchange
  • Leaf area index
  • Light use efficiency
  • Mosses
  • Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
  • Reflectance
  • Simulated environmental change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

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