Repeated Testing in Eyewitness Memory: A Means to Improve Recall of a Negative Emotional Event

Brian H. Bornstein, Lesley M. Liebel, Nikki C. Scarberry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Participants viewed either a violent, arousing film or a non-violent, control version of the same film. After viewing the film, they made three successive attempts to recall details of the event. Participants who were exposed to the negative emotional event were better than control participants at recalling details of the event itself, but they were worse at recalling details that preceded or followed the violence. Both groups of participants recalled significantly more information over successive recall attempts, suggesting that memory impairment due to aousal can be alleviated by repeated testing. Repeated testing was also associated with a small but reliable increase in memory intrusions. The implications of these findings for research on hypermnesia and on the relationship between arousal and memory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-131
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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