Several oncogenes and growth factors are found to be mutated and overexpressed in adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, and may correlate with its highly aggressive nature. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) and its receptor (IGF-IR) are highly expressed in this tumor type. We examined the IGF-IR-mediated signaling pathways in relation to cell proliferation, invasiveness, and expression pattern of vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor (VPF/VEGF) in the pancreatic cancer line ASPC-1. Our findings show that IGF-IR is an important growth factor receptor for cell proliferation and invasion, and VPF/VEGF expression in ASPC-1. Further experiments indicate that IGF-IR mediates different signaling pathways to execute its functions. Activation of Ras by IGF-IR was found to be required for the cell invasion. On the other hand Src activation through IGF-IR is required for the cell proliferation, invasion, and also VPF/VEGF expression. Taken together, our data indicate the importance of IGF-IR in growth and invasiveness of the pancreatic cancer cell lines and also point out the multiple signaling pathways channeled through this receptor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Feb 28 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology