Research progress on the diagnosis and treatment of "double-hit" lymphoma

Huijuan Lv, Ling Dong, Xiaohui Jia, Lingzhe Kong, Xianhuo Wang, Bin Meng, Kai Fu, Huilai Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Double-hit lymphoma (DHL) refers to a group of mature B-cell lymphoma with Myc and Bcl-2 or Bcl-6 genomic rearrangements. DHL mainly occurs in patients with diffused large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable (BCLU). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the gold standard for diagnosis and is used as the basis for changing regimen. Double-expression lymphoma (DEL) is more common than cytogenetically defined double-hit cases. Unlike true DHL, which are mostly of GCB type, ~2/3 DEL cases are non-GCB type. The cut-off value for immunohistochemistry of C-myc and Bcl-2 should be defined to detect the presence of concurrent gene rearrangements by FISH. DHL is characterized by relatively special clinical characteristics and unfavorable prognosis. A number of studies have shown that Bcl-6 DHL are more aggressive than Bcl-2 DHL. Other studies indicated that Bcl-6 DHL is similar to Bcl-2 DHL in terms of poor prognosis. Compared with CHOP-like regiment, R-EPOCH/HyperCVAD regimen has good performance on progression free survival (PFS) and even on overall survival (OS). Despite this development, current chemotherapy regimens often have poor efficacy. Novel and specific molecular targeted agents, rather than chemotherapy drugs, may overcome poor prognosis and provide insights into future treatment strategies. On the basis of the above characteristics, DHL is defined as "high grade B-cell lymphoma with Bcl-2/Myc or Bcl-6/Myc double-hit" in the 2016 WHO classification. In this review, we will issue the definition, pathogenesis, and key points of their argument to examine the diagnosis/treatment of the progress of DHL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-597
Number of pages5
JournalChinese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2016


  • Diagnosis
  • Double-expression lymphoma
  • Double-hit lymphoma
  • Research progress
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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