Response of barrows to space allocation and ractopamine

M. C. Brumm, P. S. Miller, R. C. Thalert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

An experiment using 264 crossbred barrows was conducted to examine the interaction between space allocation and dietary ractopamine addition on pig performance and carcass characteristics using a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Treatments were 0.55 (19 pigs per pen) or 0.74 (14 pigs per pen) m2/pig from start (29.7 ± 0.1 kg BW) to slaughter (108 kg BW) in a fully slatted facility and O or 10 ppm (asfed basis) ractopamine for 28 d before slaughter. There were few treatment interactions. Pigs given 0.55 m 2/pig had a lower ADG (P = 0.010), ADFI (P = 0.088), 10th-rib backfat depth on d 86 (P = 0.010), and carcass loin muscle depth (P = 0.011) than pigs given 0.74 m2/ pig. There was no difference in feed conversion (P = 0.210) as a result of space allocation. Pigs fed diets containing 10 ppm ractopamine had decreased (P = 0.004) ADFI and improved (P = 0.001) feed conversion efficiencies for the 28-d feeding period, along with greater loin depth (P = 0.005) and carcass lean percent (P = 0.001). The improvements in 28-d carcass lean growth associated with feeding 10 ppm ractopamine resulted in an improvement in overall daily fat-free lean gain (P = 0.046). Under these experimental conditions, the response to dietary ractopamine was similar for crowded and uncrowded pigs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3373-3379
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume82
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Pigs
  • Ractopamine
  • Space Allocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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