Response of Pigs to Space Allocation and Diets Varying in Nutrient Density

M. C. Brumm, P. S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three experiments were conducted to determine the main and interacting effects on growth performance of floor space allowance and dietary lysine and energy concentrations for growing-finishing pigs. In each experiment, space allocations of .56 or .78 m2/pig were achieved with 14 or 10 pigs per pen, respectively. In Exp. 1, diets investigated were National Research Council (NRC) recommended nutrient densities, NRC plus 5% added fat (F), NRC plus .15% added L-lysine-HCl (L), and NRC plus fat plus lysine (FL) in a 4 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of diets with space and season (winter vs summer). In Exp. 2 and 3, a 2 × 3 factorial treatment arrangement was used to investigate space and diet effects. Diets investigated contained 0, 2.5, or 5% added fat (choice white grease [Exp. 2]; tallow [Exp. 3]) with L-lysine·HCl added to maintain a constant lysine:ME ratio. In Exp. 1, pigs given .56 m2/pig vs .78 m2/pig ate less feed (P < .001) and grew slower (P < .001) with no difference in gain:feed ratio or carcass lean percentage. Feed intake was decreased (P < .005) and gain:feed ratio increased (P < .001) for the FL vs L diet. In Exp. 2, pigs given .56 m2/pig vs .78 m2/pig grew slower (P < .001) with a poorer gain:feed ratio (P < .05) and a slower rate of lean gain (P < .05). In Exp. 3, pigs given .56 m2/pig vs .78 m2/pig grew slower (P < .05) with no difference in gain:feed ratio and a slower rate of lean gain (P < .005). There was a linear improvement in ADG (P < .01, Exp. 2; P = .011, Exp. 3) and gain:feed ratio (P < .001, Exp. 2 and 3) with increasing amounts of fat in the diet. The lack of space x diet interactions in these experiments suggests that the reduction in ADG associated with the reduction in ADFI for pigs given less space is independent of dietary lysine and energy concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2730-2737
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume74
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1996

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Pigs
  • Space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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