Restoration of transforming growth factor-β receptor II expression in colon cancer cells with microsatellite instability increases metastatic potential in vivo

Xiao Qiong Liu, Ashwani Rajput, Liying Geng, Melanie Ongchin, Anathbandhu Chaudhuri, Jing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microsatellite instability (MSI), which occurs in 15% of colorectal cancer, has been shown to have a lower incidence of metastasis and better patient survival rates compared with microsatellite stable colorectal cancer. However, a mechanistic understanding of the basis for this difference is very limited. Here, we show that restoration of TGFβ signaling by re-expression of TGFβ receptor II in MSI colon cancer cells increased PI3K/AKT activation, conferred resistance to growth factor deprivation stress-induced apoptosis, and promoted cell motility in vitro. Treatment with a potent PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) blocked the prosurvival and promotility effects of TGFβ, indicating that TGFβ-mediated promotion of cell survival and motility is dependent upon activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway. Analysis of apoptotic effectors that are affected by TGFβ signaling indicated that Bim is an effector of TGFβ-mediated survival. In addition, TGFβ-induced down-regulation of E-cadherin contributed to the prosurvival effect of TGFβ, and restoration of TGFβ signaling in MSI colon cancer cells increased liver metastasis in an orthotopic model in vivo. Taken together, our results demonstrate that restoration of TGFβ signaling promotes cell survival, motility, and metastatic progression in MSI colon cancer cells and indicate that TGFβ receptor II mutations contribute to the favorable outcomes in colon cancer patients with MSI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16082-16090
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 6 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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