Retinal and choroidal manifestations in bartonellosis, lyme disease, and syphilis

Mohamed Ibrahim, Peykan Turkcuoglu, Roomasa Channa, Matthew Shulman, Yasir J. Sepah, Elham Hatef, Afsheen A. Khwaja, Diana V. Do, Quan Dong Nguyen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


Infections with bartonellosis, lyme, and syphilis are not uncommon, especially in selected populations of patients who are at risk. Ocular manifestations, which include retinal and choroidal diseases, are protean and may be initial presentations of the infections or may represent extension of the systemic infectious processes. The diagnosis is often established clinically, with serologic evaluations performed for confirmation. Therapy is targeted with speci fic anti-infectious agents aiming directly at the underlying infectious organisms. Systemic corticosteroid may be used subsequently to provide complementary control of the in flammation. Ocular involvements, similar to central nervous system disease, mandate intravenous administration of therapeutic agents over suf ficient treatment duration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRetinal and Choroidal Manifestations of Selected Systemic Diseases
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9781461436461
ISBN (Print)9781461436454
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Bartonella henselae
  • Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Cat scratch disease
  • Choroid
  • Lyme disease
  • Ocular bartonellosis
  • Ocular borreliosis
  • Parinaud’s oculoglandular syndrome
  • Retina
  • Syphilis
  • Treponema
  • Treponema pallidum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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