Retinopathy of prematurity: Preferred practice patterns among pediatric ophthalmologists

Samiksha Fouzdar Jain, Helen H. Song, Shaza N. Al-Holou, Linda A. Morgan, Donny W. Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is not standardized and can vary significantly between providers. This study aims to determine preferred practices in treating ROP by globally surveying pediatric ophthalmologists.Methods: Between January and February 2017, an international pediatric ophthalmology interest group was invited to complete an anonymous survey of 18 questions. The main objectives were to determine the preferred first line of treatment for ROP, the preferred dosage of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) used, and the outcome and possible complications following bevacizumab injection. Results: Out of 101 pediatric ophthalmologists, 72 (71.8%) stated that they had direct involvement in the treatment of ROP. When presented with type 1 ROP which requires treatment, 69 ophthalmologists (68.3%) stated that they prefer laser treatment over bevacizumab, and 33 ophthalmologists (32.7%) stated they would recommend bevacizumab as a first choice. Ninety-three ophthalmologists (92.1%) reported the success of 1 laser treatment between 75% and 100%, and 35 ophthalmologists (34.7%) perceive bevacizumab to be 75%-100% successful. Half dose of adult-prescribed bevacizumab at 0.625 mg/0.05 mL was preferred by 47 of the ophthalmologists (46.5%). No cases of endophthalmitis were reported with intravitreal injection. Conclusion: Laser photoablation remains the preferred mode of treatment for ROP among surveyed ophthalmologists across the world. Though bevacizumab is currently being used, this form of treatment is not as common, primarily due to the unknown safety profile and potential long-term ramifications of the drug.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1003-1009
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2018

Keywords

  • Intravitreal bevacizumab
  • Laser photoablation
  • Neonatal intensive care unit
  • Retinopathy of prematurity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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