Riverbank filtration impacts on post disinfection water quality in small systems-A case study from Auburn and Nebraska City, Nebraska

Matteo D'Alessio, Bruce Dvorak, Chittaranjan Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Small water systems can experience a fluctuating quality of water in the distribution system after disinfection. As chlorine is the most common disinfectant for small systems, the occurrence of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) represents a common problem for these systems. Riverbank filtration (RBF) can be a valuable solution for small communities located on riverbanks. The objectives of this study were to evaluate (i) the improvements in water quality at two selected RBF systems, and (ii) the potential lower concentrations of DBPs, in particular, trihalomethanes (THMs), in small systems that use RBF. Two small communities in Nebraska, Auburn and Nebraska City, using RBF were selected. Results from this study highlight the ability of RBF systems to consistently improve the quality of the source water and reduce the occurrence of THMs in the distribution water. However, the relative removal of THMs was directly impacted by the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal. Different THM concentrations and different DOC removals were observed at the two RBF sites due to the different travel distances between the river and the extractions wells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1865
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2018

Keywords

  • Disinfection by-products
  • Riverbank filtration
  • Small communities
  • Trihalomethanes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Biochemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology

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