The role of the CC chemokines, macrophage inflammatory protein-1β (MIP- 1β), monocyte chemotactic peptide-1 (MCP-1), and RANTES, in acute lung inflammatory injury induced by intrapulmonary deposition of IgG immune complexes injury in rats was determined. Rat MIP-1β, MCP-1, and RANTES were cloned, the proteins were expressed, and neutralizing Abs were developed. mRNA and protein expression for MIP-1β and MCP-1 were up-regulated during the inflammatory response, while mRNA and protein expression for RANTES were constitutive and unchanged during the inflammatory response. Treatment of rats with anti-MIP-1β Ab significantly decreased vascular permeability by 37% (p = 0.012), reduced neutrophil recruitment into lung by 65% (p = 0.047), and suppressed levels of TNF-α in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids by 61% (p = 0.008). Treatment of rats with anti-rat MCP-1 or anti-rat RANTES had no effect on the development of lung injury. In animals pretreated intratracheally with blocking Abs to MCP-1, RANTES, or MIP-1β, significant reductions in the bronchoalveolar lavage content of these chemokines occurred, suggesting that these Abs had reached their targets. Conversely, exogenously MIP-1β, but not RANTES or MCP-1, caused enhancement of the lung vascular leak. These data indicate that MIP-1β, but not MCP-1 or RANTES, plays an important role in intrapulmonary recruitment of neutrophils and development of lung injury in the model employed. The findings suggest that in chemokine-dependent inflammatory responses in lung CC chemokines do not necessarily demonstrate redundant function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy