Role of MicroRNAs in bone pathology during chikungunya virus infection

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus, transmitted by mosquitoes, which causes Chikungunya fever with symptoms of fever, rash, headache, and joint pain. In about 30%-40% of cases, the infection leads to polyarthritis and polyarthralgia. Presently, there are no treatment strategies or vaccine for Chikungunya fever. Moreover, the mechanism of CHIKV induced bone pathology is not fully understood. The modulation of host machinery is known to be essential in establishing viral pathogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate major cellular functions by modulating gene expression. Fascinatingly, recent reports have indicated the role of miRNAs in regulating bone homeostasis and altered expression of miRNAs in bone-related pathological diseases. In this review, we summarize the altered expression of miRNAs during CHIKV pathogenesis and the possible role of miRNAs during bone homeostasis in the context of CHIKV infection. A holistic understanding of the different signaling pathways targeted by miRNAs during bone remodeling and during CHIKV-induced bone pathology may lead to identification of useful biomarkers or therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1207
JournalViruses
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2020

Keywords

  • Bone remodeling
  • Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)
  • MicroRNAs
  • Osteoblastogenesis
  • Osteoclastogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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