Tumor responses to radioimmunotherapy combined with peptide agonists of human C5a anaphylatoxin such as GCGYSFKPMPLaR (C5aAP) are two- to four-fold better, depending on the dose of C5aAP, than responses to radioimmunotherapy alone. The enhanced tumor vascular permeability (VP) is the key factor responsible for this improvement. These studies were designed to identify the sequence of events leading to the improved extravasation of immunoglobulin in response to C5aAP. The VP changes were measured in mice after administration of C5aAP alongside of various mediators. The depletion of circulating polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) in mice abolished the C5aAP-induced VP increase. Blocking of P-selectin also returned VP to its basal levels after the C5aAP treatment, indicating that C5aAP-induced VP changes are initiated by interactions of C5aAP with PMNs. Aminoguanidine, an inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, given before C5aAP returned VP to control levels. Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, a nonselective NOS inhibitor, had a marginal effect on the activity of C5aAP. Indomethacin, a nonselective cyclooxygenase inhibitor, suppressed C5aAP-induced increases in VP, whereas N-(2-cyclohexyloxy-4-nitrophenyl) -methanesulfonamide, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, was active only at high doses. While C5aAP given i.p. did not alter tumor uptake of 125I-B72.3, the i.v. administration resulted in ∼40% increase, confirming the prerequisite interaction of C5aAP with PMNs. The sequence leading to the increased VP appears to be initiated by the interaction of C5aAP with C5a receptor expressed on PMNs followed by binding to endothelial cells of blood vessels. The interaction with P-selectin is responsible for the initiation of the nitric oxide cascade as evidenced by inducible NOS activation. Additionally, prostaglandins are required for expression of the full magnitude of the C5aAP activities.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jan 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research