Role of Protein Kinase Cζ in Ras-mediated Transcriptional Activation of Vascular Permeability Factor/Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Expression

Soumitro Pal, Kaustubh Datta, Roya Khosravi-Far, Debabrata Mukhopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vascular permeability factor/vascular endothelial growth factor (VPF/VEGF), a multifunctional cytokine, is regulated by different factors including degree of cell differentiation, hypoxia, and certain oncogenes namely, ras and src. The up-regulation of VPF/VEGF expression by Ras has been found to be through both transcription and mRNA stability. The present study investigates a novel pathway whereby Ras promotes the transcription of VPF/VEGF by activating protein kinase Cζ (PKCζ). The Ras-mediated overexpression of VPF/VEGF was also found to be inhibited by using the antisense or the dominant-negative mutant of PKCζ. In co-transfection assays, by overexpressing oncogenic Ha-Ras (12 V) and PKCζ, there was an additive effect up to 4-fold in activation of Sp1-mediated VPF/VEGF transcription. It has been shown through electrophoretic mobility shift assay that Ras promoted the PKCζ-induced binding of Sp1 to the VPF/VEGF promoter. In the presence of PDK-1, a major activating kinase for PKC, the Ras-mediated activation of VPF/VEGF promoter through PKCζ was further increased, suggesting that PKCζ can serve as an effector for both Ras and PDK-1. In other experiments, with the use of a dominant-negative mutant of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, the activation of VPF/VEGF promoter through Ras, PDK-1, and PKCζ was completely repressed, indicating phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase as an important component of this pathway. Taken together, these data elucidate the signaling mechanism of Ras-mediated VPF/VEGF transcriptional activation through PKCζ and also provide insight into PKCζ and Sp1-dependent transcriptional regulation of VPF/VEGF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2395-2403
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 26 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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