This study was to determine whether the presence or absence of renal nerves and vasopressin altered the diuretic and natriuretic responses to acute volume expansion. Two forms of volume expansion were used: (i) inflation of a small balloon in the veno-atrial junction and (ii) an infusion of isotonic saline at a rate of 1 ml/min for a period of 15 min, approximately 7% of body weight. Balloon inflation produced a significant diuresis from both the intact and denervated kidneys but only produced a significant natriuresis from the intact kidney. Volume expansion (infusion of saline) produced a significant diuresis and natriuresis from both intact and denervated kidneys. Blocking the V2 receptor for vasopressin with a V2-specific receptor blocker d(CH2)5[olle2,Val4]AVP (40 μg/kg bolus dose followed by infusion of 4 μg/kg/min) did not alter the diuretic and natriuretic responses to volume expansion. However, the absence of renal nerves or the absence of actions of vasopressin produced a significant reduction in the capacity of the kidneys to increase the relative amount of diuresis or natriuresis, thus losing the control over output; i.e., absence of renal nerves only allowed 12-fold increase in diuresis to volume expansion compared with 25-fold in the intact state and absence of vasopressin only allowed 4.6-fold increase in diuresis to volume expansion compared with 25-fold in the intact state. Examining the “volume reflex” in terms of a control system trying to regulate fluid balance, the presence of either renal nerves or actions of vasopressin allows the volume regulating system a greater range in which to control the diuresis and natriuresis (making it possible to fine tune the output to much greater extent).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - Apr 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)