Coronary arteries are uniformly exposed to traditional cardiovascular risk factors. However, atherosclerotic lesions occur in preferential regions of the coronary tree, especially in areas with disturbed local blood flow, such as coronary bifurcations. Over the latest years, secondary flows have been linked to the inception and progression of atherosclerosis. Most of these novel findings have been obtained in the field of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis and biomechanics but remain poorly understood by cardiovascular interventionalists, despite the important impact that they may have in clinical practice. We aimed to summarize the current available data regarding the pathophysiological role of secondary flows in coronary artery bifurcation, providing an interpretation of these findings from an interventional perspective.
- Coronary bifurcations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine