Selenof (15-kDa selenoprotein; Sep15) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident thioredoxin-like oxidoreductase that occurs in a complex with UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase. We found that Selenof deficiency in mice leads to elevated levels of non-functional circulating plasma immunoglobulins and increased secretion of IgM during in vitro splenic B cell differentiation. However, Selenof knockout animals show neither enhanced bacterial killing capacity nor antigen-induced systemic IgM activity, suggesting that excess immunoglobulins are not functional. In addition, ER-to-Golgi transport of a target glycoprotein was delayed in Selenof knockout embryonic fibroblasts, and proteomic analyses revealed that Selenof deficiency is primarily associated with antigen presentation and ER-to-Golgi transport. Together, the data suggest that Selenof functions as a gatekeeper of immunoglobulins and, likely, other client proteins that exit the ER, thereby supporting redox quality control of these proteins. Yim et al. report that Selenof (15-kDa selenoprotein; Sep15) functions as a gatekeeper of immunoglobulins and, likely, other client proteins en route from the ER to the Golgi apparatus, thereby preventing secretion of dysfunctional proteins and supporting redox quality control.
- endoplasmic reticulum
- knockout mouse
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)