Routine-Biased Technological Change and Declining Employment Rate of Immigrants

Younjun Kim, Eric Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We find that routine-biased technological change decreases the employment-to-population ratio of foreign-born population over the last three decades (1980–2010). This impact is greater for foreign-born population with lower English proficiency. As computerization and automation substitute for workers in routine occupations, switching from routine jobs to non-routine cognitive jobs may be more challenging for foreign-born workers than for native workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-353
Number of pages35
JournalEastern Economic Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Immigrants
  • Language proficiency
  • Routine-biased technological change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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