Safety and efficacy of renal denervation in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF): A systematic review and meta-analysis

Zhiqiu Xia, Li Han, Peter R. Pellegrino, Alicia M. Schiller, Logan D. Harrold, Robert L. Lobato, Steven J. Lisco, Irving H. Zucker, Han Jun Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: A systematic analysis of clinical trials was performed in order to assess the effectiveness and risks of bilateral renal denervation (RDN) in patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods: A systematic review was conducted of all clinical trials exploring the effectiveness of RDN in patients with HF who had reduced (<50%) EF. Primary outcomes were NYHA class, 6-min walk test, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and other cardiac parameters including left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), and left atrium diameter (LAD). Secondary outcomes were systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and creatinine. Results: Seven studies were included in this analysis. From baseline to 6 months after RDN, the pooled mean NYHA class was decreased (mean difference [MD], -0.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.6 to -0.2; P = 0.018), the mean 6-min walk test was increased (MD, 79.5 m; 95% CI, 26.9 to 132.1; P = 0.003), and the average NT-proBNP level was decreased (MD, -520.6 pg/mL; 95% CI, -1128.4 to 87.2; P = 0.093). Bilateral RDN increased the LVEF (MD, 5.7%; 95% CI, 1.6 to 9.6; P = 0.004), decreased the LVESD (MD, -0.4 cm; 95% CI, -0.5 to -0.2; P < 0.001), decreased the LVEDD (MD, -0.5 cm; 95% CI, -0.6 to -0.3; P < 0.001), and decreased the LAD (MD, -0.4 cm; 95% CI, -0.8 to 0; P = 0.045). In addition, RDN significantly decreased systolic BP (MD, -9.4 mmHg; 95% CI, -16.3 to -2.4; P = 0.008) and diastolic BP (MD, -4.9 mmHg; 95% CI, -9.5 to -0.4; P = 0.033), and decreased HR (MD, -4.5 bpm; 95% CI, -8.2to -0.9; P = 0.015). RDN did not significantly change GFR (MD, 7.9; 95% CI, -5.0 to 20.8; P = 0.230), or serum creatinine levels (MD, -7.2; 95% CI, -23.7 to 9.4; P = 0.397). Conclusion: Bilateral RDN appears safe and well-tolerated in patients with HF. RDN improved the signs and symptoms of HF and slightly decreased systolic and diastolic BP without affecting renal function in the clinical trials performed to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere08847
JournalHeliyon
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Chronic heart failure
  • Renal denervation
  • Sympatho-excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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