Objectives: To compare the safety and immunity of an acellular pertussis vaccine containing pertussis toxoid, filamentous hemagglutinin, 69 kd protein, fimbriae 2 and 3 combined with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids given as single or separate injection with inactivated poliovirus vaccine (MRC-5- or Vero cell-derived) or live attenuated polio vaccine. Methods: A total of 425 healthy children between 17 and 19 months of age who were receiving the fourth dose of their routine immunization series were randomly allocated to receive either the acellular pertussis vaccine and oral poliovirus vaccine or one of two inactivated poliovirus vaccines as a combined injection or separate injections. Results: Although minor adverse events were commonly reported, differences between the groups were few. Fever and decreased feeding were less common in recipients of live attenuated poliovirus vaccine than the combination vaccine containing MRC-5 cell-derived inactivated poliovirus vaccine. A significant antibody response was demonstrated in all groups against all the antigens contained in the vaccines. Antibodies against poliovirus were higher in the groups immunized with the inactivated poliovirus vaccine than the live attenuated vaccine. Anti-69 kd protein antibodies were higher in the group given the MRC-5 cell-derived inactivated poliovirus vaccine as a combined injection than in the group given the separate injection or the group immunized with the live attenuated poliovirus vaccine. Conclusion: The five-component acellular pertussis vaccine combined with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids is safe and immunogenic when combined with either MRC-5- or Vero cell- derived inactivated poliovirus vaccine. This will facilitate the implementation of acellular pertussis vaccine and the movement to inactivated poliovirus vaccine programs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health