During a 12-year period (1972-1984), 43 patients with sarcomas of the female genital tract were admitted to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS), including 31 with primary tumors of the vagina; and 12 with tumors of the uterus, including the cervix. Thirty-four of these can be evaluated on the basis of periods of observation from 18 months to 12 years. Primary tumors of the uterus were a distinct group, distinguished from those arising in the vagina by patient age-range and probably by prognosis, as well as site. Patients with vaginal tumors, with a mean age of 1.8 years, responded to a multimodality approach employing combinations of chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate and actinomycin D, or the aforementioned two drugs with cyclophosphamide ± doxorubicin hydrochloride), irradiation, and/or surgery, with only one tumor-related death, among 24 evaluable patients. In contrast, among the patients with primary uterine tumors, in which the mean age was > 14 years, four of ten evaluable patients died secondary to tumor relapse or progression.
- Sarcoma, vagina
- sarcoma, uterus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health