SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Spike shows strong binding affinity and favourable interaction landscape with the TLR4/MD2 compared to other variants

Chiranjib Chakraborty, Bidyut Mallick, Manojit Bhattacharya, Siddappa N. Byrareddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Emergences of SARS-CoV-2 variants have made the pandemic more critical. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) recognizes the molecular patterns of pathogens and activates the production of proinflammatory cytokines to restrain the infection. We have identified a molecular basis of interaction between the Spike and TLR4 of SARS-CoV-2 and its present and past VOCs (variant- of concern) through in silico analysis. The interaction of wild type Spike with TLR4 showed 15 number hydrogen bonds formation. Similarly, the Alpha variants’ Spike with the TLR4 has illustrated that 14 hydrogen bonds participated in the interaction. However, the Delta Spike and TLR4 interaction interface showed that 17 hydrogen bonds were formed during the interaction. Furthermore, Omicron S-glycoprotein and TLR4 interaction interface was depicted (interaction score: −170.3), and 16 hydrogen bonds were found to have been formed in the interaction. Omicron S-glycoprotein shows stronger binding affinity with the TLR4 than wild type, Alpha, and Delta variants. Similarly, the Alpha Spike shows higher binding affinity with TLR4 than the wild type and Delta variant. Now, it is an open question of the molecular basis of the interaction of Spike and TLR4 and the activated downstream signaling events of TLR4 for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100347
JournalJournal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Alpha: Delta
  • Omicron
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Spike protein
  • Toll-like receptor 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics

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