Scalable Privacy-preserving Geo-distance Evaluation for Precision Agriculture IoT Systems

Qiben Yan, Jianzhi Lou, Mehmet C. Vuran, Suat Irmak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Precision agriculture has become a promising paradigm to transform modern agriculture. The recent revolution in big data and Internet-of-Things (IoT) provides unprecedented benefits including optimizing yield, minimizing environmental impact, and reducing cost. However, the mass collection of farm data in IoT applications raises serious concerns about potential privacy leakage that may harm the farmers' welfare. In this work, we propose a novel scalable and private geo-distance evaluation system, called SPRIDE, to allow application servers to provide geographic-based services by computing the distances among sensors and farms privately. The servers determine the distances without learning any additional information about their locations. The key idea of SPRIDE is to perform efficient distance measurement and distance comparison on encrypted locations over a sphere by leveraging a homomorphic cryptosystem. To serve a large user base, we further propose SPRIDE+ with novel and practical performance enhancements based on pre-computation of cryptographic elements. Through extensive experiments using real-world datasets, we show SPRIDE+ achieves private distance evaluation on a large network of farms, attaining 3+ times runtime performance improvement over existing techniques. We further show SPRIDE+ can run on resource-constrained mobile devices, which offers a practical solution for privacy-preserving precision agriculture IoT applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3463575
JournalACM Transactions on Sensor Networks
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 22 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • IoT
  • Privacy-preserving data analysis
  • distance evaluation
  • precision agriculture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


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