School Transitions and Adjustment During Early Adolescence

Lisa J. Crockett, Anne C. Petersen, Julia A. Graber, John E. Schulenberg, Aaron Ebata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


The aim of this investigation was to determine the impact of the timing and number of school transitions on young adolescents’ subsequent adjustment. Three groups of adolescents (total N = 253) were compared: Those making a single early school transition prior to sixth grade, those making a single later transition prior to seventh grade, and those making a double transition prior to both sixth and seventh grades. Adjustment was assessed in terms of course grades and self-image. Negative effects were found for both early and repeated school transitions, with the double transition being especially debilitating. In addition, effects were seen primarily with course grades. Few gender differences were observed in the response to early and double transitions, but those that emerged suggest that girls may be more adversely affected than boys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-210
Number of pages30
JournalThe Journal of Early Adolescence
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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