Electrolytic manganese residue (EMR) is a kind of solid waste with a high silicon content. Most of the silicon in EMR, however, exist in the state of SiO2, which cannot be directly absorbed by plants. Currently, it is very challenge to recover the silicon from EMR. In this study, a preliminary screening of strains with silicon-activating ability was conducted, and four strains were screened out and isolated from the soil around the tailings pond of EMR. Then, single factor experiments were conducted to obtain the optimal growth conditions of the four strains, and the results indicated that the Ochrobactrum sp. T-07 had the best silicon-activating ability from EMR after nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis (Ochrobactrum sp. T-07-B). The available silicon (in terms of SiO2) in the leaching solution was up to 123.88 mg L−1, which was significantly higher than that produced by Bacillus circulans and Paenibacillus mucilaginosus, the two commercial available pure culture strains. Results of direct/indirect contact experiments between Ochrobactrum sp. T-07-B and EMR revealed that bioleaching was promoted under the synergistic effect of bacteria growth on the surface of and metabolism within EMR. The newly isolated strains with silicon-activating effect are different from the existing-known silicate bacteria and may be used for more efficient silicon activation in silicate minerals.
- Electrolytic manganese residue
- Leaching kinetics
- Strain screening
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)