Placing an Airborne Infectious Isolation Room (AIIR) into a negative pressure has proven to protect the hospital from fatal pathogens such as tuberculosis and other airborne diseases. However, this pressurization strategy could increase the risk of isolation patients acquiring secondary infections from contaminated air drawn in from adjacent spaces. As a result, an actual hospital was used to observe the transport of aerosol from a general patient room and nurse station to a nearby airborne infectious isolation room. Two experimental studies were designed to analyze the performance of a negative anteroom. Aerosols ≤3.0 μm (viruses and most airborne bacteria) were found to be capable of migrating out of a general patient room to the vicinity of the nurse station. Concentrations of aerosols within the anteroom and isolation room increased from ambient when injected at the nurse station, indicating the capability of aerosols to migrate into the isolation room upon negative pressurization. Subsequently, a series of CFD models, validated by the experiments, were developed to simulate a positively pressurized anteroom. An anteroom with a positive pressure was shown to effectively terminate cross-contamination between the corridor and the isolation room in both directions.
- Secondary transmission
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Building and Construction