Fragmentation of dialkyl peroxides and ozonides is strongly influenced by the choice of Lewis acid. TiCl4 promotes C-O ionization (SN1 reaction) of tertiary peroxides while SnCl4 and BF3·OEt2 promote O-O heterolysis (Hock reaction). The cationic intermediates are trapped with allyltrimethylsilane to afford allylated alkanes and homoallyl ethers. In the absence of a nucleophile, ozonides (1,2,4-trioxolanes) invariably undergo O-O heterolysis. However, the combination of allyltrimethylsilane and SnCl4 results in formation of 1,2-dioxolanes via trapping of intermediates derived from SN1 ionization.
|Number of pages
|Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1
|Published - 2000
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry