Self-similarity of mean-flow in pipe turbulence

Junke Guo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


Based on our previous modified log-wake law in turbulent pipe flows, we invent two compound similarity numbers (Y, U), where Y is a combination of the inner variable y+ and outer variable ξ, and U is the pure effect of the wall. The two similarity numbers can well collapse mean velocity profile data with different moderate and large Reynolds numbers into a single universal profile. We then propose an arctangent law for the buffer layer and a general log law for the outer region in terms of (Y, U). From Milikan's maximum velocity law and the Princeton superpipe data, we derive the von Kármán constant κ= 0.43 and the additive constant B ≈ 6. Using an asymptotic matching method, we obtain a self-similarity law that describes the mean velocity profile from the wall to axis; and embeds the linear law in the viscous sublayer, the quartic law in the bursting sublayer, the classic log law in the overlap, the sine-square wake law in the wake layer, and the parabolic law near the pipe axis. The proposed arctangent law, the general log law and the self-similarity law have been confirmed with the high-quality data sets, with different Reynolds numbers, including those from the Princeton superpipe, Loulou et al., Durst et al., Perry et al., and den Toonder and Nieuwstadt. Finally, as an application of the proposed laws, we improve the McKeon et al. method for Pitot probe displacement correction, which can be used to correct the widely used Zagarola and Smits data set.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCollection of Technical Papers - 36th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)1563478102, 9781563478109
StatePublished - 2006
Event36th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Confernce - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 5 2006Jun 8 2006

Publication series

NameCollection of Technical Papers - 36th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference


Conference36th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Confernce
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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