Semaphorin 5A mediated cellular navigation: Connecting nervous system and cancer

Abhilasha Purohit, Anguraj Sadanandam, Pavan Myneni, Rakesh K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ultraprecise wiring of neurons banks on the instructions provided by guidance cue proteins that steer them to their appropriate target tissue during neuronal development. Semaphorins are one such family of proteins. Semaphorins are known to play major physiological roles during the development of various organs including the nervous, cardiovascular, and immune systems. Their role in different pathologies including cancer remains an intense area of investigation. This review focuses on a novel member of this family of proteins, semaphorin 5A, which is much less explored in comparison to its other affiliates. Recent reports suggest that semaphorins play important roles in the pathology of cancer by affecting angiogenesis, tumor growth and metastasis. We will firstly give a general overview of the semaphorin family and its receptors. Next, we discuss their roles in cellular movements and how that makes them a connecting link between the nervous system and cancer. Finally, we focus our discussion on semaphorin 5A to summarize the prevailing knowledge for this molecule in developmental biology and carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Reviews on Cancer
Volume1846
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Developmental biology
  • Neuropilins
  • Plexins
  • Semaphorin
  • Semaphorin 5A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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