Sensitivity and specificity of averaged electrode voltage measures in cochlear implant recipients

Michelle L. Hughes, Carolyn J. Brown, Paul J. Abbas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objective: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of averaged electrode voltages (AEVs) for identifying malfunctioning electrodes in cochlear implant users. Design: AEVs were measured using common ground (N = 33 ears) and monopolar stimulation modes (N = 40 ears) in adult subjects implanted with the Nucleus 24M or Nucleus 24R(CS) cochlear implant. AEV measures were then compared with common ground electrode impedance measures as well as to subjective judgments of electrode sound quality to determine the sensitivity and specificity of AEVs. Results: Results showed excellent specificity for both modes of AEV testing: 97.9% for common ground and 99.8% for monopolar. Sensitivity for common ground AEV testing was 91.7%; however the sensitivity of monopolar AEVs was very poor, at 7.7%. Monopolar AEVs accurately identified open circuits but missed all short circuits. These results are consistent with the sensitivity of impedance measures made with each of the two stimulation modes. Conclusions: Common ground AEVs are more reliable than monopolar AEVs for identifying malfunctioning electrodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-446
Number of pages16
JournalEar and hearing
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing


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