Objective: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of averaged electrode voltages (AEVs) for identifying malfunctioning electrodes in cochlear implant users. Design: AEVs were measured using common ground (N = 33 ears) and monopolar stimulation modes (N = 40 ears) in adult subjects implanted with the Nucleus 24M or Nucleus 24R(CS) cochlear implant. AEV measures were then compared with common ground electrode impedance measures as well as to subjective judgments of electrode sound quality to determine the sensitivity and specificity of AEVs. Results: Results showed excellent specificity for both modes of AEV testing: 97.9% for common ground and 99.8% for monopolar. Sensitivity for common ground AEV testing was 91.7%; however the sensitivity of monopolar AEVs was very poor, at 7.7%. Monopolar AEVs accurately identified open circuits but missed all short circuits. These results are consistent with the sensitivity of impedance measures made with each of the two stimulation modes. Conclusions: Common ground AEVs are more reliable than monopolar AEVs for identifying malfunctioning electrodes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Ear and hearing|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Speech and Hearing