Sensitivity of the anxiety disorder interview schedule IV in detecting potentially traumatic childhood maltreatment

David DiLillo, Sarah A. Hayes, Debra A. Hope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the sensitivity of the Anxiety Disorder Interview Schedule IV (ADIS-IV) in detecting potentially traumatic childhood abuse experiences in a sample of 50 consecutive adult anxiety disorder patients. Of 13 patients who reported traumatic childhood maltreatment experiences using a behaviorally specific abuse history questionnaire, seven failed to report these experiences during the ADIS-IV interview (a sensitivity of 46%). Findings suggest that the two omnibus gating questions on the ADIS-IV may be insufficient in capturing exposure to certain traumatic events, as stipulated by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual diagnostic criteria for a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This potential for under identification of trauma history suggests that caution is warranted regarding the use of the ADIS-IV to screen for self-reported trauma exposure in adult outpatients. Alternatives, including the use of PTSD-specific interviews and supplemental trauma event checklists, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-135
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006

Keywords

  • ADIS-IV
  • Child maltreatment
  • PTSD
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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