Serologic survey among hospital and health center workers during the Ebola hemorrhagic fever outbreak in Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1995

Oyewale Tomori, Jeanne Bertolli, Pierre E. Rollin, Yon Fleerackers, Yves Guimard, Ann De Roo, Heinz Feldmann, Felicity Burt, Robert Swanepoel, Scott Killian, Ali S. Khan, Kweteminga Tshioko, Mpia Bwaka, Roger Ndambe, C. J. Peters, Thomas G. Ksiazek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

From May to July 1995, a serologic and interview survey was conducted to describe Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) among personnel working in 5 hospitals and 26 health care centers in and around Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Job-specific attack rates estimated for Kikwit General Hospital, the epicenter of the EHF epidemic, were 31% for physicians, 11% for technicians/room attendants, 10% for nurses, and 4% for other workers. Among 402 workers who did not meet the EHF case definition, 12 had borderline positive antibody test results; subsequent specimens from 4 of these tested negative. Although an old infection with persistent Ebola antibody production or a recent atypical or asymptomatic infection cannot be ruled out, if they occur at all, they appear to be rare. This survey demonstrated that opportunities for transmission of Ebola virus to personnel in health facilities existed in Kikwit because blood and body fluid precautions were not being universally followed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S98-S101
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume179
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Tomori, O., Bertolli, J., Rollin, P. E., Fleerackers, Y., Guimard, Y., De Roo, A., Feldmann, H., Burt, F., Swanepoel, R., Killian, S., Khan, A. S., Tshioko, K., Bwaka, M., Ndambe, R., Peters, C. J., & Ksiazek, T. G. (1999). Serologic survey among hospital and health center workers during the Ebola hemorrhagic fever outbreak in Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1995. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 179(SUPPL. 1), S98-S101. https://doi.org/10.1086/514307