Serological, electrophoretic, and biological properties of Cryptococcus neoformans antigens

J. W. Murphy, R. L. Mosley, R. Cherniak, G. H. Reyes, T. R. Kozel, E. Reiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compared a cryptococcal culture filtrate antigen referred to as CneF with chemically defined cryptococcal antigen fractions isolated by Cherniak and co-workers by using double immunodiffusion gels, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, immunoblots, and footpad reactivity of immunized mice. The three previously described components of cryptococcal culture filtrates are a high-molecular-weight glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), which is the major constituent, a galactoxylomannan (GalXM), and a mannoprotein (MP). In this study we demonstrated that CnF contained components which were serologically and electrophoretically similar to the three previously described cryptococcal culture filtrate fractions. The MP fraction elicited significantly stronger delayed-type hypersensitivity responses than did the GXM or GalXM fraction when used in mice immunized either with the CneF in complete Freund adjuvant or whole heat-killed Cryptococcus neoformans yeast cells. These findings were confirmed when the footpads of immunized mice were challenged with GalXM and MP preparations from a culture filtrate of a C. neoformans acapsular mutant that does not produce GXM. Thus, we concluded that the MP was the primary component recognized by the anticryptococcal cell-mediated immune response in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-431
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume56
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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