Exposure of C62B rat glioma cells to fresh medium containing fetal bovine serum induced a sensitization of the subsequent ability of isoproterenol and forskolin to stimulate cyclic AMP accumulation, compared to cells exposed to fresh medium without serum. Isoproterenol stimulation was typically increased by 2- to 4-fold and forskolin stimulation by 3- to 5-fold. Sensitization occurred rapidly, was rapidly reversible and appeared to result from an increase in maximal stimulation. A commercial preparation of albumin, purified chromatographically so as to retain bound lipids and other factors, was able to mimic the effect of serum. In contrast to the effects of serum, exposure of cells to phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate induced little or no change in forskolin stimulation but a marked desensitization of isoproterenol stimulation that was due primarily to a decrease in potency. Neither the protein kinase C inhibitor staurosporine or overnight exposure to phorbol 12- myristate, 13-acetate to down-regulate protein kinase C prevented serum- induced sensitization. Pertussis toxin almost completely blocked serum- induced sensitization, suggesting involvement of a pertussis toxin-sensitive guanine nucleotide-binding protein in mediating the effects of serum. Sensitization was poorly retained in membrane adenylate cyclase assays. Studies with the phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, direct assays of cyclic AMP degradation by intact cells and assays of phosphodiesterase activity in cell lysates all indicated that degradation of cyclic AMP was decreased in serum-pretreated cells. Thus, both increased cyclic AMP synthesis and decreased cyclic AMP degradation may contribute to sensitization in these cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine