Sex steroids and the immune system.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Autoimmune diseases afflict women at a much higher rate than they do men. Although the differences in sex steroids probably play a role in this sexual dimorphism, the effects of sex steroids on the immune system and the mechanisms by which those effects occur are uncertain. We have begun studies to examine systematically these processes by examining the cells responsive to sex steroids, the genes regulated by these hormones, and the effect on the immune system and autoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-211; discussion 211-217
JournalCiba Foundation symposium
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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